Collection 1. The Irruption of the 20th Century: Utopias and Conflicts (1900-1945)
The Collection of Museo Reina Sofía starts with the end of the 19th Century, addressing the conflicts between a dominant Modernity, understood as progress, and its multiple discontents, as an ideology under constant challenge both in the social and the political fronts, and the cultural and artistic ones. The avant-garde, in its reinvention of the subject, of the public and of the art world, becomes the symptom of the new 20th Century. While Cubism defines the modern, ephemeral and multiple gaze, Dada and Surrealism free the subject from the moral and social repression, giving free reign to desire and to the social and individual unconscious.