Another history of resistance led by communities sustaining forms of organisation and dialectics which offer alternatives to the logics of Western modernity and modernity has existed for five centuries; forms which find replicas and parallelisms in other geographical locations — marginalised or non-marginalised — around the world, as evinced by the works in this room. At the end of the 1990s, Zapatismo’s condemnations would coincide with the first hypotheses of anti-globalisation movements, thus generating a new kind of networked solidarity structure, an emerging alter-globalisation which believed, when faced with a paralysis of the present, “another world is possible”.
Locally, Zapatista militancy, from its uprising in 1994 and occupation of areas in Chiapas, Mexico, created a space of resistance and granted visibility to native Mayan peoples — a political struggle that has materialised in a wide array of initiatives, and always of a collective and celebratory nature. This includes the Festival CompARTE por la Humanidad (Share[ART] for Humanity), conceived in 2016 as a device that differs from the predominant cultural festivals and shares common ideas and forms of production that originate from different territories in close proximity to the Zapatismo sphere of influence.
The movement’s approaches centred not only on defending Indigenous rights, however, but also on opposing neoliberal policies, the point at which it crosses alter-globalisation thought, which attempts to block, in transnational spheres, and from multiple realms and the geopolitical South and North, the bedrock of globalisation. The response to the expansion, imposition and normalisation of neoliberal policies materialised in the work of collectives such as Chto Delat?, which is rooted in an uncertain and contradictory context, for instance new post-Soviet Russia.