The room Front and Rearguard: Women in the Civil War is completed with a selection of material produced in the nationalist zone during the Spanish Civil War. While the Republican zone saw numerous active contributions by women in the fields of photography, art, graphic design and industry, in nationalist-controlled territories women’s participation in the public sphere was reduced to relief and aid work via organisations such as Auxilio Social (Social Aid) and institutions like the Women’s Section of Falange Española, which insisted on preserving traditional gender roles and keeping women under male rule. In this nationalist zone the result was magazines and posters drawing attention to women’s responsibility to take care of men, the home and children, and an emphasis placed on the importance of the Catholic religion in the ideology of those inciting rebellion.
Artworks in the room
Carlos Sáenz de Tejada
En nuestra justicia está nuestra fuerza (In Our Justice Lies Our Strength)1939
Los niños de hoy son los hombres de mañana y España los quiere sanos y fuertes (The...1949
Ha entrado la España de Franco! (Franco’s Spain Has Broken Through!)1938
Mujeres de la Falange (Women of the Falange)1939